Parliament is an assembly of elected representatives who make laws on behalf of all citizens. It is derived from the French word parlement, meaning 'speaking'.
The Australian federal parliament was created as a result of legislation enacted in the British Parliament in 1900 to unify the separate colonies and establish a federal Constitution. It provided for a lower house called the House of Representatives and an upper house called the Senate. The Constitution divided power among the Legislature (Parliament), the Executive (Government), and the Judiciary (High Court). This separation of powers was designed to prevent one person or group having all the power to govern Australia.
Image courtesy of National Archives of Australia
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Museum of Australian Democracy at Old Parliament House
18 King George Terrace, Parkes, ACT 2600, Australia
PO Box 7088, Canberra BC ACT 2610
Open Daily 9am–5pm
Telephone: 02 6270 8222
General enquiries: firstname.lastname@example.org
For feedback on the website: email@example.com
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Old Parliament House is an Executive Agency within the Prime Minister and Cabinet portfolio.